Behavior and character:
Playful, affectionate, very gentle, and very intelligent.
Head: Rather wide, slightly exceeding half of its total length.
The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle; the bizygomatic width is equal to its length. In the sagittal plane, it
is very little ovoid; the upper part of the skull is flat with a very little marked occipital protuberance. The
frontal sinuses and the supraorbital arches are well developed; the metopic suture is absent or very little
accentuated, the lateral walls are a little convex.
Stop: Naso-frontal depression very marked, defining an
angle of 90°.
Nose: On the same line as the nasal cane, seen in profile, the anterior face is vertical. Large with
open nostrils and absolutely black.
The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half the length of the head. The suborbital
regions are well chiseled. The depth is much less than the length. The lateral faces are parallel, but the muzzle, seen
from the front, must not appear square as the anterior face is connected by curves. The nasal cane is straight with a
well-marked groove in the central part.Lips:
Seen from the front, at their junction, they
have the shape of a very open arc. They are poorly developed in depth, with the connexus eye not visible. The upper lips
perfectly overlap the lower ones, so much so that the lower profile of the muzzle is given by the mandible. The lip
margins are strictly black.Jaws/Teeth:
Normally developed and of light appearance, they
overlap perfectly. The mandible, with its straight branches, is neither prominent nor elusive forward. The dental arches
overlap perfectly, and the incisors close in a scissors bite. The teeth are white, and the dentition is well developed
Lively and attentive expression, larger than normal, the shape tends to
be round. The eyelids adhere well to the eyeball, which is never sunken but rather protruding, just slightly. The eyes
are located approximately on the same frontal plane. Seen from the front: they must not reveal the sclera (white in the
eye); they are dark ochre in color; the palpebral rims and the third eyelid are black.Ears:
Tending to triangular shape, the width is about 1/3 of the length. They are inserted high above the zygomatic arch,
pendulous and adherent to the lateral walls of the skull, slightly erect.
Neck: Despite being covered in abundant hair, the demarcation of the nape is clearly visible. The
upper profile is arched. The length of the neck is about half the height at the withers. It has an erect carriage
and is devoid of loose skin.
Trunk: The length measured from the tip of the scapula to
the tip of the buttock is greater than 1/3 compared to the height at the withers. Topline: Straight until the
insertion of the tail.
Withers: Slightly elevated on the dorsal profile.
length is greater than half the height at the withers.
Rump: On the extension of the
dorso-lumbar line, the rump is very wide and long, with a 10° oscillation relative to the horizontal. Chest: Wide,
deep, well-developed, reaching below the level of the elbows with not very rounded ribs. The sternal region is very
Tail: Inserted on the line of the rump, thick at the base and fine at the tip.
Forms a single large curve, whose tip falls between the hips touching the rump. A curled tail on one side of the
trunk is tolerated.
Front limbs: Overall appearance, limbs fused to the trunk, straight
Shoulder: The length represents 1/3 of the height at the withers, with the
tips of the shoulders well spaced and well inclined backwards.
Arm: Longer than the
shoulder, with good angulation.
Elbow: Never turned inward or
Forearm: Dry with little visible muscle, but with rather strong bones in
relation to the size of the breed.
Carpus (Wrist): Follows the vertical line of the
forearm, mobile. Without nodules. Covered with thin skin.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Has the
same characteristics as the carpus and, due to its brevity, is straight.
Round, with united and arched toes; the soles of the plantar and digital pads must be black, and the nails must also
be black or at least dark in color.
Hind limbs: Overall appearance: strong-boned. Limbs
parallel when viewed from the rear, vertical from the tip of the buttocks to the
Thigh: With firm muscles, the posterior margin is convex. Its direction from top
to bottom and from back to front is quite oblique compared to the vertical.
joint is free, never turned inward or outward. Leg: With a groove between the tendon and the bone just
The inclination relative to the horizontal is 55°. It is slightly longer than the thigh. Hock: The
front angle of the hock is 140°.
Metatarso: The distance from the ground to the tip of
the hock is slightly more than 1/3 of the height at the withers. Metatarsals are rather low and perfectly
Hind foot: Rounded, with toes joined and arched; the soles of the plantar and
digital pads must be black, and the nails must also be black or at least dark in color.
Gait: Fluid, low, loose, with short and very rapid beats of the limbs when trotting.
Tightly fitting to all parts of the body, pigmented with dark spots and
patches of a wine-red color, especially on the back.
Dense, shiny, and
brilliant - falls heavily and with a silky texture, very long all over the body and straight without any deviation
in its axis, along its entire length. On the trunk, it must exceed the height at the withers in length and fall
heavily to the ground, like a cloak clinging to the trunk itself, following its contours without any division,
strands, or tufts. Strands and tufts are allowed on the front limbs, from the elbow to the foot, and on the hind
limbs from the knee to the foot. There is no undercoat. On the head, the fur is very long, even on the muzzle, where
it blends with the beard, and also on the skull, where it descends finally until it merges with that of the ears. On
the tail, the fur falls on one side of the trunk, namely on one flank and thigh, and is of such a length that it
reaches the hock.
Color: Pure white, a pale ivory color is allowed. Traces of pale orange hues are
tolerated but not desired and constitute a defect.
Size and weight:
the withers: Males from 21 to 25 cm. Females from 20 to 23 cm. Weight: 3-4 kg.
- Any deviation from the characteristics of the individual items constitutes a defect, which must be penalized
according to its spread and severity and the effect it may have on the health and well-being of the dog.
- Bilateral strabismus (convergent strabismus)
- Trunk excessively long.
Flat nose; pronounced prognathism; size in males over 26 cm and less
than 19 cm. Size in females over 25 and less than 18.Disqualifying
Aggressive or overly fearful dogs. Any dog clearly demonstrating psychological or
behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified. Markedly divergent or convergent craniofacial axes. Total depigmentation
of the nose or of a color other than black, Enognathism, Strabismus, Total depigmentation of the eyelids, Brachyury
anury, both congenital and artificial, Curly hair, any color other than white except for pale ivory, spots of different
colors, regardless of their extension.
Males must have two testicles of normal appearance and well descended
in the scrotum.